Foetal Alcohol SyndromeMental and physical problems develop in the unborn baby as a result of drinking alcohol when problem. Foetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) occurs only as a result of the mother drinking alcohol whilst pregnant.How are people with FAS affected?The unborn child's brain and spinal cord are particularly affected with FAS as well as long-term damage to important cells in the baby's body that are necessary for growth and also disrupting the connection of the nerves in the brain. Typical features of people with FAS is a smaller body size and developmental delay along with distinctive facial features.Likely learning disabilities include:* Problems with thinking, speech, social skills and/or memory (for example, finding it difficult to translate thinking into saying, or reading into speaking) * Mood, attention or behavioural problems (E.g. autistic-like behaviour, ADHD or sleep problems)* Physical problems with the liver, kidneys, heart or other organs* Hearing and sight problems* Epilepsy * A weak immune systemEarly assessment and diagnosis will support the child's progress in life as a result of using appropriate educational and behavioural strategies. At St Luke's we apply many learning support and behaviour management strategies in order to better equip children with FAS with their physical, behavioural and developmental problems. Although many of the strategies for teaching and supporting learning are very similar to those we use with children with Autism, Attention Deficit, Hyperactivity Disorder and Global Development Delay, we seek to work with the unique and brilliant child behind the labels. A link to the Foetal Alcohol Syndrome Trust is provided below:https://www.fasdtrust.co.uk/This Optimus Education blog post, written by Joanna Grace, provides some insight into the syndrome.